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Jane M. Haining
Dunscore, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland

Jane M. Haining Jane M. HainingJane M. Haining
1897 - 1944
Dunscore - Auschwitz
Heroic Christian Martyr

Jane Mathison Haining was born in Dunscore, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland on 06 June 1897. Her parents were Thomas John and Jane Haining, nee Mathison. She died on 17 July 1944.

One of the millions of victims at Auschwitz-Birkenau was Jane Haining. She was a Scottish missionary who worked as a matron of a boarding house for Jewish and Christian girls in Budapest.
When the Second World War began, Haining decided to stay in Hungary. She ignored the request from the Church of Scotland to return home. Haining insisted that the children's need of her help was greater than ever and vowed to remain at her post.
In March 1944, Nazi Germany invaded Hungary. Shortly after, Haining was arrested by the Gestapo. Among the charges made against her were that she had wept when putting yellow stars on the Jewish girls in her care (a symbol used by the Nazis to distinguish the Jewish community) and that she had listened to BBC news broadcasts.
She died in Auschwitz-Birkenau in July 1944. In 2010, the courageous Scot was named a British Hero of the Holocaust by the British Government.
She is the only Scottish person to be officially recognised at Yad Vashem, the World Holocaust Remembrance Centre in Israel.
© Historic Environment Scotland

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Last update: 18 January 2022
This collection is online since November 2011